At its March 27th Board Meeting, the Georgia Cotton Commission Board of Directors approved $656,287 in research for the 2020 crop year and also approved $25,500 in supplemental research for 2019. This money will go to fund eighteen projects that will be conducted by researchers and extension specialists from the University of Georgia and the University of West Georgia. Projects range from funding for the UGA cotton team, to research on resistant weeds, evaluating the economics of conservation production, monitoring water use efficiency, and many more. The goal of this producer-funded research is to help the cotton producer’s bottom line by conducting research that can either raise yields, promote efficiency, or open new markets.
All projects are vetted by both the Commission Board of Directors and State Support Committee, made up of cotton producers from across the state, and the Commission’s research review committee, which is made up of researchers, crop consultants, and local UGA Extension Agriculture/Natural Resource agents.
“Despite the decrease in income for the Georgia Cotton Commission, our board is committed to providing the cotton farmer valuable research that can make a difference on their farms. Now, more than ever, it is important for us to fund research that makes an impact while being an effective steward of the farmer’s money,” said GCC Chairman Bart Davis, a Colquitt County cotton grower.
Every three years, pursuant to law, cotton farmers have the opportunity to vote to continue the assessment ($1/bale) that funds the Georgia Cotton Commission’s programs of research, promotion, and education. The 2019 referendum period was February 13th-March 15th. The Georgia Department of Agriculture recently recorded the votes and the result shows 92.5% of voters favored the continuation.
Bart Davis, a cotton, peanut, and corn grower from Doerun said, “I am pleased that growers voted to continue the program, and that the yes margin increased from 2016.” He further commented that times have been hard for Georgia cotton farmers over the past few years and that the Georgia Cotton Commission would continue to strive to find solutions, educate policy makers, and effectively promote cotton to the consumer on behalf of the cotton growers of the state. He concluded by saying, “We will continue to work with leaders in Washington to promote an effective disaster program to help Georgia’s farmers and rural communities recover from Hurricane Michael.”
The Georgia Cotton Commission is a producer-funded organization located in Perry, Georgia. The Commission began in 1965. Georgia cotton producers pay an assessment enabling the Commission to invest in programs of research, promotion, and education on behalf of all cotton producers of Georgia. For more information about this and other topics please call 478-988-4235 or visit us on the web at www.georgiacottoncommission.org.
Earlier this year, Lee Cromley, a 6th generation Bulloch County cotton farmer, was installed as the President of the Southern Cotton Growers, an organization representing the thousands of cotton growers in Georgia, Alabama, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. He was preceded in this role by Neal Isbell of Alabama.
In a recent presentation to cotton growers in Georgia, Cromley recognized former presidents of the organization from Georgia (Bob McLendon, Leary; Louie Perry, Moultrie; and Ronnie Lee, Bronwood), and discussed the four roles of the Southern Cotton Growers – leadership opportunities and development, policy development, relationships with congressional and regulatory officials, and industry support. He stated that his goals for the year were to make sure cotton growers know about the organization and that the organization strengthens by continuing to unify cotton growers across the six southeastern states.
Cromley has been growing cotton and peanuts in Brooklet, Georgia, with his brother Charlie since 1983. He is involved in his community and state, serving as a board member of the Georgia Cotton Commission, Bulloch Gin, Bulloch County Farm Service Agency, and the Farmers & Merchants Bank of Statesboro and as a Board Advisor for the National Cotton Council of America. He graduated from the University of Georgia College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences in 1983. Cromley and his wife, Ann, have three children and are members of Brooklet United Methodist Church.
This information is from the University of Georgia Extension Cotton Team
In the fall of 2018, Cotton leafroll dwarf virus (CLRDV) was confirmed to infect cotton plants in 14 South Georgia counties. During the winter of 2019, this virus has already been confirmed to infect cotton regrowth from ratooned cotton stalks and several weeds; even though screening has just begun. This virus is associated to cause cotton blue disease (CBD) with symptoms that include leaf curling, reddening and drooping of leaves, subsequent distortion of leaf growth above the nodes where reddened leaves were first observed, and shortening of upper internodes and their discoloration to deep green along with subsequent lack of fruit retention. Some view the symptomology to resemble that often observed with drift from phenoxy herbicides such as 2,4-D, 2,4-DB, and dicamba.
Cotton blue disease, caused by the aphid-transmitted Cotton leafroll dwarf virus, is newly detected in Georgia cotton but has been previously observed in Argentina, Brazil and some regions of Asia and Africa. Although resistance has been bred into cotton cultivars in areas with history of CBD, there are currently no known resistant varieties being planted in the United States. Efforts to bring resistance to varieties which are commercially viable are underway, yet it is clear that introduction will take years. The presence of CBD in the Southeastern US is potentially alarming because of three particular concerns: (1) susceptibility of our cotton crop, (2) size and importance of the crop in Georgia and (3) the widespread presence of aphids which vector the virus. Although it would seem logical to more aggressively control aphids to manage this issue, it just is not that simple as aphids are dynamic infesting a vast array of plant species in varying landscapes. Thus, chemical control methods could actually increase pest management issues (i.e. treating for aphids would likely flare other more nefarious insect populations) without reducing impact from the virus; much more research is needed to better understand this scenario before providing aphid management recommendations.
Although the impact from this virus to the 2019 Georgia cotton crop cannot be scientifically determined, it is important to discuss the situation. Science does not currently support increased insecticide use to control aphids. However, there may be two approaches that could benefit overall farm sustainability while also possibly reducing impact for CBD including (1) removing cotton stalks from 2018 and (2) controlling winter weeds well in advance of planting.
Ultimately what producers in Georgia should know is that there is a new virus that COULD attack our cotton crop. The UGA Cotton Team is working diligently to obtain as much information as possible and is currently developing research strategies for 2019. At this point we know that the virus is present in living cotton stalks and henbit. Therefore, one could consider it prudent to consider trying to eliminate a source of the virus, especially considering the practices are already endorsed and encouraged anyway. If you have any questions, feel free to contact your local county extension agent and visit the UGA cotton webpage at www.ugacotton.com for more information.
EVENTS TO BE HELD IN:
TIFTON (MARCH 18, 2019) 9am-4pm
STATESBORO (MARCH 25, 2019) 9am-4pm.
(Click location at the bottom of the page and click the arrow to register)
This educational opportunity is free to attend and a networking lunch is provided. An agenda will be uploaded at a later time.
What you can expect to learn:
1) Utilization of irrigation scheduling solutions such as UGA Checkbook, SmartIrrigation Cotton App, and IrrgatorPro to gain in-depth knowledge on using these methods.
2) Investment analysis to illustrate the capital costs associated with adopting these tools and projected return on investment, annual operating costs of equipment, and associated management expenses.
3) Southeast Climate: A look back at 2018 and an outlook for 2019 and beyond.
4) State agricultural water permitting and water planning from the Georgia Environmental Protection Division
Field demonstration and guided strategic planning will take place so producers can leave the workshop ready to implement the education they receive.
To register: Go to http://bit.ly/ugairrigationworkshop or call (229) 386-3512.
This workshop is being offered as part of a broader UGA Extension multi-disciplinary project focused on increasing agricultural water use efficiency in Georgia. Support for the workshops is provided by a grant from the United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture through the Southern Extension Risk Management Education Center.